Step 4: Voting

< Step 3: Campaigning

hand putting ballot in ballot box

Voting is an important civic duty for eligible Canadian citizens. You may vote in a federal election if you

  • are a Canadian citizen
  • will be 18 or older on election day
  • are registered to vote

People who are not available to vote at the polling station on election day can vote

  • on advance polling days
  • at any Elections Canada office
  • by mail

Polling stations are the most common voting option. During the 2019 election, Elections Canada had 20,000 polling stations across Canada.

The voting process

  • To vote, people must show proof of their identity and address. 
  • Each voter gets a ballot from the Elections Canada officials. 
  • The voter takes the ballot behind a voting screen and marks an X beside the name of their chosen candidate.
  • The voter places their ballot in a ballot box.

Why vote in secret? Everyone’s vote is their personal choice. They have the right to make this choice by themselves, without anyone else’s influence.

Step 5: Counting >