Step 4: Voting

Voting is an important civic duty. To vote in a federal election, you must be a Canadian citizen, at least 18 years old on election day, and registered to vote.

There are several ways to vote:

  • Vote on election day
  • Vote on advance polling days
  • Vote at any Elections Canada office
  • Vote by mail

In-person voting at polling stations is the most common voting option. On average, Elections Canada has 20,000 polling stations across Canada during an election.

A look back at the 2019 Federal Election video

Descriptive transcript

The voting process

Everyone votes in secret. They have the right to choose their preferred candidate by themselves, free of anyone else’s influence.

  • To vote, people must show proof of their identity and address.
  • Each voter gets a ballot from the Elections Canada officers.
  • The voter takes the ballot behind a voting screen and marks an X beside the name of their chosen candidate.
  • The voter places their ballot in a ballot box.

Did you know? There are many services and tools such as magnifiers and large-grip pencils to help make the vote accessible to all.

Step 5: Counting >